Surabaya is a port city on the Indonesian island of Java. A vibrant, sprawling metropolis, it mixes modern skyscrapers with canals and buildings from its Dutch colonial past. It has a thriving Chinatown and an Arab Quarter whose Ampel Mosque dates to the 15th century. Al-Akbar Mosque, one of the largest mosques in the world, is also in Surabaya.
Surabaya is the second largest city in Indonesia and has a population of three million. It is also known as the “city of heroes” for the battle on October 30, 1945, that galvanized the country’s fight for independence.
The city is 85% Muslim, with Protestant and Catholic adherents combined making up 13% of the population. New laws now prevent Christians from building, which has led to the destruction of churches and other Christian-owned buildings. Many of the Christians worship at the Gereja Kejawan, a syncretic religious movement that combines Christianity with the traditional religion of Java.