The 12th largest city in the world with over 20 million citizens, Karachi is the former capital of Pakistan. It is located along the southern tip of the country, along the Arabian Sea coast. While it is no longer the capital city, Karachi remains the commercial and transport hub for the country and operates the largest port.
In the 2022 Global Livability Index, the city ranked 168th out of the 172 cities, due to the high crime rate, poor air quality, and lack of infrastructure. 96% of the residents of Karachi identify as Muslim. Two-thirds of these are Sunnis, with the remaining Shi’ites, and the Christian population is just 2.5%. Religious minorities including Christians, Hindus, and minority Muslim groups face persecution. The “blasphemy laws” make insulting Mohammad punishable by death and damaging a Quran punishable by life in prison. Extremists use these laws to falsely accuse innocent people.